1998 - FIVB Rule Changes
NEW INTERNATIONAL RULES FOR FIVB COMPETITIONS
April 20, 1998 - At a Press Conference in Tokyo today following the Drawing of Lots for the 1998
World Championships to be held in Japan next November, Dr. Ruben Acosta H.,
of the FIVB, announced the following new Rules which will apply to
1. THE "LIBERO" PLAYER
Each team has the option to register one specialised defensive player, "Libero"
among the final list of 12 players for the whole tournament. The specific rules for a
Libero player are as follows:
He/she is restricted to performing as a back row
player and has no right at all to complete an attack hit when the ball is above the height
of the top of the net.
2. FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT FOR COACHES
B) The Libero may not serve, block or attempt to block.
C) The Libero must wear a different colour shirt from the other members of the team.
D) Substitutions involving a Libero are not counted as regular and their number is
unlimited. A Libero cannot take part in normal substitutions and may only enter or leave
the game while the ball is out of play and before the whistle for service.
E) It is necessary to have a rally between replacement of two different players involving
With the previous approval of the first referee,
an injured Libero may be substituted during the match by any registered player within the
normal line-up list of the score sheet.
G) The designated replacement of a Libero will be limited to performing as a Libero for
the rest of the match and the subsequent matches.
this player will be allowed to be registered again in the normal line-up of later matches
once the initially registered Libero is officially re-instituted.
H) No other player will be authorised to perform as a Libero and in the case of further
injury of the originally registerd Libero, he/she will be replaced by the same player
under the same conditions as stated in
All team members may encourage or instruct players on court while sitting on the benches
or standing in the warm-up zone. Only the head coach is authorised to do this while
walking or standing within the free zone in front of the team bench from the extension of
the attack line up to the warm-up area without disturbing or delaying the match.
3. COLOURED BALL
A new coloured ball, Mikasa MVL 200, will be the exclusive official game ball. The ball
panels are blue, yellow and white. The design and colour combination are registered trade
marks for FIVB official competitions.
4. NEW PLAYING UNIFORMS
with the official Volleyball uniforms suppliers, FIVB has finalised the new uniform
The purpose of the
fashion change is to bring a new brand image to Volleyball by creating a modern specific
line. Manufacturers will gradually introduce the new uniforms to the public through retail
The new regulations are:
- Shirts and shorts should not be loose or baggy but should follow the body line.
- Long sleeved shirts are not allowed.
- No numbers on the sleeves, but numbers on the right side leg of the shorts.
- Country flag and name on the front left side of the shirt.
- Family name or nickname on the back of the shirt, above the number.
- Women are allowed to wear one-piece uniforms.
The uniforms of the forthcoming World Championships must conform to these standards.
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