THE LIBERO VOLLEYBALL PLAYER
(as defined by the FIVB and USAV Rule Books)

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Pronounciation: Lee-Beh-Roh (stress on Lee)

 

FIVB

FIRST ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE LIBERO RULE

    April 20, 1998 - At a Press Conference in Tokyo today following the Drawing of Lots for the 1998 World Championships to be held in Japan next November, Dr. Ruben Acosta H., President of the FIVB, announced the following new Rules which will apply to this competition.

    1. THE "LIBERO" PLAYER
    Each team has the option to register one specialised defensive player, "Libero" among the final list of 12 players for the whole tournament.
    The specific rules for a Libero player are as follows:
    A) He/she is restricted to performing as a back row player and has no right at all to complete an attack hit when the ball is above the height of the top of the net.
    B) The Libero may not serve, block or attempt to block.
    C) The Libero must wear a different colour shirt from the other members of the team.
    D) Substitutions involving a Libero are not counted as regular and their number is unlimited. A Libero cannot take part in normal substitutions and may only enter or leave the game while the ball is out of play and before the whistle for service.
    E) It is necessary to have a rally between replacement of two different players involving a Libero. With the previous approval of the first referee, an injured Libero may be substituted during the match by any registered player within the normal line-up list of the score sheet.
    G) The designated replacement of a Libero will be limited to performing as a Libero for the rest of the match and the subsequent matches. Nevertheless, this player will be allowed to be registered again in the normal line-up of later matches once the initially registered Libero is officially re-instituted.
    H) No other player will be authorised to perform as a Libero and in the case of further injury of the originally registerd Libero, he/she will be replaced by the same player under the same conditions as stated in previous points.


LIBERO PLAYER DEFINED IN THE FIVB RULEBOOK (1999-2000 edition)


USA VOLLEYBALL

1999-2000 RULE CHANGES


COLLEGE

    NCAA Division I Men began to use the Libero in their 2000 season.


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